Faith assurances in state constitutions at the time those states debated and ratified the U.S. Constitution.

DELAWARE, the first State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1776 State Constitution: "Every person...appointed to any office...shall...subscribe... 'I...profess faith in GOD THE FATHER, and in JESUS CHRIST His only Son, and in the HOLY GHOST, one God, blessed for evermore; and I do acknowledge the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be given by Divine inspiration.'"

PENNSYLVANIA, the 2nd State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1776 State Constitution, signed by Ben Franklin: "Each member, before he takes his seat, shall...subscribe... 'I do believe in one GOD, the Creator and Governor of the Universe, the Rewarder of the good and the Punisher of the wicked. And I do acknowledge the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be given by Divine Inspiration.'"

NEW JERSEY, the 3rd State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1776 State Constitution: "All persons, professing a belief in the faith of any PROTESTANT sect, who shall demean themselves peaceably under the government...shall be capable of being elected."

GEORGIA, the 4th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1777 State Constitution: "Representatives shall be chosen out of the residents in each county...and they shall be of the PROTESTANT religion."

CONNECTICUT, the 5th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, retained its 1662 Colonial Constitution, which was established PROTESTANT CONGREGATIONAL, till 1818: "By the Providence of GOD...having from their ancestors derived a free and excellent Constitution...whereby the legislature depends on the free and annual election...The free fruition of such liberties and privileges as humanity, civility and CHRISTIANITY call for."

MASSACHUSETTS, the 6th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1780 State Constitution, written by John Adams: "Any person...before he...execute the duties of his...office...[shall] subscribe...'I...declare, that I believe the CHRISTIAN religion, and have a firm persuasion of its truth'... The legislature shall...authorize the support and maintenance of public PROTESTANT teachers of piety, religion and morality."

MARYLAND, the 7th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1776 State Constitution: "No other test...ought to be required, on admission to any office...than such oath of support and fidelity to this State...and a declaration of a belief in the CHRISTIAN religion."

SOUTH CAROLINA, the 8th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1778 State Constitution: "No person shall be eligible to a seat...unless he be of the PROTESTANT religion...The CHRISTIAN PROTESTANT religion shall be deemed...the established religion of this State."

NEW HAMPSHIRE, the 9th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1784 State Constitution: "No person shall be capable of being elected...who is not of the PROTESTANT religion."

VIRGINIA, the 10th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1776 State Constitution, Bill of Rights, written with the help of James Madison and George Mason: "It is the mutual duty of all to practice CHRISTIAN forbearance, love, and charity towards each other."

NEW YORK, the 11th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1777 State Constitution: "The United American States...declare... 'Laws of nature and of NATURE'S GOD...All men are created equal; that they are endowed by their CREATOR with certain unalienable rights...Appealing to the SUPREME JUDGE of the world...A firm reliance on the protection of DIVINE PROVIDENCE'... People of this State, ordain...the free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination... Provided, That the liberty of conscience, hereby granted, shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness."

NORTH CAROLINA, the 12th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, stated in its 1776 State Constitution: "No person, who shall deny the being of GOD or the truth of the PROTESTANT religion, or the Divine authority either of the Old or New Testaments, or who shall hold religious principles incompatible with the freedom and safety of the State, shall be capable of holding...office."

RHODE ISLAND, the 13th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, retained its 1663 Colonial Constitution till 1843, which stated: "By the blessing of God...a full liberty in religious concernements... rightly grounded upon GOSPEL principles, will give the best and greatest security...in the true CHRISTIAN faith and worship of God...They may...defend themselves, in their just rights and liberties against all the enemies of the CHRISTIAN faith."